skip to Main Content

World Archery (FITA) The “SPORT”

LEARN -How to participate… in the Sport

World Archery is the international governing body for the sport of archery.

World Archery based in Lausanne, Switzerland. Its mission is to promote and regulate archery worldwide. It has developed the sport with over 160 member country associations (USA Archery) through competitive regulations, international events, development initiatives, and marketing. It is responsible for setting the rules and regulations for international archery events, organizing the World Archery Championships and for the sport at the Olympic Games, Paralympic Games and World Games. This is endorsed by the International Olympic Committee, International Paralympic Committee and International World Games Association.

World Archery was founded on September 4, 1931 in Lwow, Poland (now known as Lviv, Ukraine) as the Federation Internationale de Tir a l’Arc or FITA .  Its mission was to promote archery worldwide through the unification of rules and development of international events. The federation has been a trailblazer in areas of modernization, development, and gender equality. Its name officially changed to World Archery in 2011.

USA Archery

Headquartered in Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA Archery, formally known as National Archery Association was formed in 1879 to foster and promote the sport of archery.

We are USA ArcheryThe mission of USA Archery is to provide the necessary resources to foster strong athlete participation, competition and training in the sport of archery. Membership in USA Archery is open to everyone involved in all disciplines of archery including target, field and 3-D. USA Archery sanctions more than 200 events annually and conducts indoor, outdoor and collegiate National Championships as well as the United States Archery Team Qualifier Series. USA Archery also provides youth and adult archery programs and clubs throughout the United States, and certifies archery instructors, coaches and judges.

  1. Archery Olympics Technical Film – Archives 1996
  2. Rules for World Archery – the international SPORT of Archery 
  3. Target Archery
  4. World Archery Field & 3D Archery


Everything you (and your friends) need to know about international recurve archery!

Lesson: Scoring Basics – from OAS

  1. The target face goes from 1 to 10 points. The inner most ring in the gold is the x-ring and is used for tie-breakers (still worth 10 points)
  2. If an arrow touches the line then it goes to the higher score
  3. Each group of arrows we shoot is known as an end.
  4. When we score we first write down the scores (don’t touch the arrows) from highest to lowest. Two archers will write down scores on score cards while another archer calls out the scores and the last archer double checks. Two score cards are used to double check the math and scores.
  5. If an archer misses the target face, then it is written down as an ‘M’

Lesson: Competition Rounds – (25 min.)

  1. Ranking round
    1. Indoor – typically 4 rounds of 30 arrows shot at 18 meters (120 arrows total)
    2. Outdoor – 36 arrows are shot at 4 different distances (144 arrows total). For example,the men shoot 90m, 70m, 50m, and 30m
  2. Team Round
    1. 3 archers per team
    2. Each archer shoots 2 arrows
    3. Archers must shoot one at a time. You must decide which side you will enter/exit fromso that you don’t run into each other.
    4. 4 ends are shot for each match.
    5. Rio Olympics Men’s Final   semi final
  3. Olympic Round
    1. Individual, head to head matches
    2. 12 arrows are shot per match (either 2 ends of 6 arrows or 4 ends of 3 arrows)

4. Example Matches (note in these finals matches, the format changes a little; shooting alternates)

  1. Indoor OR Match: World Cup Indoor Challenge 2011 – Nîmes – Ind. Match #8
  2. Outdoor OR Match: World Cup 2010 – Final Stage – Ind. Match #8
  3. Team match: World Cup 2011- Stage 3 – Team Match #8

Lesson: Competition Challenges –

  1. Discussion: “What are some challenges that you think archers have to face at competitions?”
  2. Rain: The rain affects your arrow flight as well as you on the line. You must be prepared with rain gear and ways to keep your equipment dry.
  3. Wind: Not only will the wind blow your arrows, but you as well!Archery World Cup 2011 – Stage 2 – Ind. Match #8
  4. Crowd:
    Lots of background noise. Archery World Cup 2006 – Stage 4 – Ind. Match #8or crowd cheering for you: Outdoor World Championships 2009 – Ulsan – Team Match#8
  5. Shooting venue
    1. Over water- World Cup 2010 – Stage 1 – Ind. Match #8
    2. Canal – Archery World Cup 2009 – Final Stage – Ind. Match #6
    3. Night – Archery World Cup 2008 – Stage 4 – Ind. Match #6

Closing Discussion Questions – (5 min.)
 The points on the target face go from 1 to what?
 If my arrow is between a 7 and 8 and it touches the line, what is my score?  How many archers make up a team in team rounds?
 What are some challenges during archery competitions?


  1. Youth have a lot of opportunities in archery all of the way from the local level to the Olympic Games.
    •   JOAD club — you can join a local JOAD club (Junior Olympic Archery Development)
    •   Competitions — there are many local, state, national, and international competitions
    •   Jr./Cadet USAT — you can make the Jr./Cadet United State Archery Team by gettingranking points at competitions
    •   JDT — the Junior Dream Team is comprised of the nation’s best young archers
    •   Youth World Championships — the YWC are held every two years and are an amazingway to travel the world as they are held in different countries each time
    •   USCA — many universities have archery clubs that are part of the U.S. College Archeryprogram. Competitions (both domestic and international), club support, andscholarships are available through USCA
    •   Youth Olympic Games — the first YOG was held in 2010 in Singapore where youth fromall over the world came to compete in a venue fitting of the Olympic Games. The gameswill continue to be held every 4 years
    •   Olympic Games — the epitome of sports. As noted early, Denise Parker competed in the1988 Olympic Games when she was 14 years old. Right now young archers all across the nation have the Olympic dream and are training to make the team

Anatomy of the Archery with Brady


Some questions:

  1. How many countries participated in these games? _______________________________
  2. How many days of competition does the archery event last? _______________________
  3. How many competitors in the men’s division? __________________________________
  4. How many competitors in the women’s division? _______________________________
  5. At which games did archery become part of the Olympic Program? _________________
  6. Why was archery then discontinued from the Olympics after 1920? _________________
  7. What year and games did archery return to the Olympics? ________________________
  8. How many arrows are shot to determine rankings? ______________________________
  9. How far are the archers shooting? ____________________________________________
  10. How are ties decided? _____________________________________________________
  11. Who won the gold in the individual women’s division? ___________________________
  12. Who won the gold in the individual men’s division? _____________________________
  13. For team rounds, how many archers are there per team? __________________________
  14. Which team won the women’s team competition? _______________________________
  15. Which team won the men’s team competition? _________________________________
Back To Top